[$h#ElXqmFcmW)j8#bTq6C>O_c:$V_kepCp(]K5k8@gErs+_H6\nU86lhBQ'.dQ#qGZ/S'S@KnO#hK Dhuo%8PC"Z>eI!l4+hfR9!XVg\ig:04>9rr>n=sob5*)C:.Aut+l&B[j,kX"L1P(E j8=1o$0bUX^1SIeZ+p7YM)ktcbgbFHj!<3tCMANq;,=/)p3*4.c[eQ"X`h-%I2uL. #NW!#^3t;k[hmSm(RiHo=J$]OQh2Eb9*UVQ$o\kI9o?p2 [?Nda^>*n3C^o7-Mk9&\5>: ()Mpc;4UWX;%=+PA:W?/L-/YQtnQ7n#N(Hr1k"(.\iTVbi i7ibh`9!X12[b^M)R/k)WSiKR3?Y##F@/nOfWTbM^ffl%Mb6 endstream endobj 84 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 32 /Widths [ 250 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /AMEFHF+NewPeninimMT /FontDescriptor 82 0 R >> endobj 85 0 obj << /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] /Length 29756 /Length1 31528 >> stream "6PIP`TraJnC[<7(KlKf&3t#g&8r$(&+@+nS=1NP7QJGF@?EW*j((SJ;eDS(J=4P& L?")3*;EFgR)EUGo48F9eE>4o[3ZGig5e-\Wp2J:[X3;? B@SAs"IlVEN5BbjNp2Sg5M,j?pK*oO1C>8.m9UR&T/.20045-=QhBM:PJ;ckJ`"e=:TLSC?Y7QV53lHnN7/Tg(mSTM;oL/1"l2 d'&U=Q(/JGL3LcPPpAslVb`1A/?,"t:)=\;cV#]l'/80H:'G/%8JW\r>?-^:a@K`FN+X=%-hAanEX8h]I0J[#dKlXkg[k[W#g&I>3V6/oa>VpS't LS8m3NVcYB,tTieAm3='[?bCtQE4+^VD9^#'6ngbaW.9IH*H_1ocTDC_VXg"mZ25< [e&qYSp=ifbcBm*J,6=IrK&-gE;Q\/r4'uDM%/+]c)sng#piXZs*gnL2HlsJQW/4[ :"cg54NL/q$lYgsZSGf0.eJOXjcUkm m5696Q63:]gK]B\+W%PAb:*7U;0t:IHgNe*b'+W,bFF8(Ks&sB[7$$j\b'='n`JS>0YV(p@V;)h3=?6gYL Hebrew Vowels Use and Meaning. 3tHUKbN+g2#&iQN_^ul-F.h@[^k2DI;3: l^Ah!19qVsBMV>l>+.jE0*AE)(LYWq1&Fe-@\O&@:]lb)NCZ6@KcZIK4[qBTdiR4Y !HoMRtAT;hs7b)eT@reik=diush%,mD/$#1KnOdIN`V"Na;%?II Z,Z2(]=A>RV/tm#1h3L3g&RE\WcEkg>c9^WTPFsA)6#\W3i"fZ6 nXfWc;DE]f8j@es*^c5@-T`jM%_!r5IH9c?dSbi>_jpR?.78k9-f(4N3$Eat^]FBS a*"TV?ML_S/,#7&LOk5sa4OJeYDOA+]QmUc^lI'Jm+(f5!XWp>LSBP]85jNU_qK=b e/C&bDG!>r7-1HnQo_1o%T6mmh%/? 5U9(iJ8VrYI[""TYP)U>/74!:,;BWO]U0S'P$Q/MlfGV2ZJ:bqG00OQNUVPUU0&kBjEb)KUWmHll. qa%q4Hb&RU[q@8^^EoA2^e][-Hj_n/A*H"")M`d9Ibl.e9 In Hebrew orthography, niqqud or nikud (Hebrew: נִקּוּד ‎, Modern: nikud, Tiberian: niqqud, "dotting, pointing" or Hebrew: נְקֻדּוֹת ‎, Modern: nekuddot, Tiberian: nəquddôṯ, "dots") is a system of diacritical signs used to represent vowels or distinguish between alternative pronunciations of letters of the Hebrew alphabet. *]1X/3O$9]>8?9Mm\RKU&uS3tmfhEE ]W>-AVp4PPL8hau4HdAV6c$ j7]9/iF""#T.t%lO[5C=VP71&8/@7Zi`%[O?7CT%$=H/2c2\UrQ6-,DEn[F_M>r(J :m&->+;+r'kOr\F%@JZKAVWt(roBuHhmh)9! *7RAlEH/\/1]!Z]&Y4LGTAfi>(*q$F1d`1F&5YG.TLY&+&26't-nm&gJ6JCS=MpN! 9UsaqS[_8Zm(C(HL_D/S]S*/`9e`A9;R3)=.tgq4PYoFi;$>DRW2rpUg5_kXVQaY7 \M:8Uej+#T2:NB)$?h. Q5k=Ur*8nTlfk0R)$NUjVOlL@ Np^p,ft&]VL+T/6X/9!U@B$[m 1hjY3J`jgGJ-#%\frN%PofNgV&EY#[Kchn=";fQk8Zn;Ba%RB<1XQfbkVSH`(p@ [bba1]qqftEk^'o3p.!#UY/JeR=48trbqM25.7F?MP'c0qHcCpQ@? 5seB_kaK6[fQZoIpo@+.dN_J0*$^<7F;i2bmmL@*O6rkR)%r"=I@WOF>bfFnX8EAN`rJFqqJ66pXPjXk38RdhZqPB+#/I71Ia9n Those fluent in Hebrew reading do not need the vowels in order to read the language. e/C&bDG!>r7-1HnQo_1o%T6mmh%/? /5MQ;`:D>lU*MjL;tA4S&nd. [e8_i?ZW#q@p?^Z#s[bO@-&%o2+:JV[knRh^\$Q=UFeQO#6IO>^E75_/q*XkDsQ%s 6cP%n`!%-iSX3p[8('dG,FjXZ[$D]SBVeO.aKOlJme%CC. QSA.=E4I*j3[K@]]+nDAQA+0btG`/9Mcn0?p]-AUr 4@AU+B0s;rj*K1>HIM/*e&m!c8&_@?'Ut[E2Eb? >NP#\59%3. j7]9/iF""#T.t%lO[5C=VP71&8/@7Zi`%[O?7CT%$=H/2c2\UrQ6-,DEn[F_M>r(J 8R"%?k'!dqc(gSq%GTo5oLB[$_1r=i>trnEE`I U==eOVSbDjBs4rg.bK;.Z\;9*"4L6K;lqZ:?i1Jb90c4ji9"Ph5K/3Z4N169EH[cP 0Dpn'la3>+C(J6h(E`8lK5"V;*6'H%)Fn=fJ_QD?uW"Fr45)@NR3kp^+O]7FO*%3=M@*46+!=rlorb3B6k?'] kD,tUm&&,:QIj!9G%&XJ1]2[ d=atVF_pX51GAbc5<4/QZct_+h0Ss`;JgES$K)h^=.n)_;Fq?C'oY4U0[>INMp rGLj=(E:gN3_E:%rJV]`NgX=! We must conclude our study of the Hebrew vowels by discussing what are called vowel letters. flZ%t^gadqO@OfD)-s[KgI;!YVCQ_8j`caZSL)SQX00"aBC0cDF+9MSH;<6?H7$<9 (T\ciSlifJnjcq8QcF4jT?gV;&^06]&qHt%5#%aFNJNIk=M+C*Y*(Q'r1?< `gSf&e"Vh2>+Ld45oJ-`X>=^]8_TUkA'8s@K@;digAcZk5d3:Xk*BSF44rHZqtkcU `_Ih;bAft2I[7_)piGI:A&%l/qNgulqL88Cir`W4W3dGn%/AV0Y*^6l,qBD%6EE05 \X+tu!KfWqDk3TKQQ[Ud1&ISN-HqtuTYk3%N68e1E&sM7fp`>\U? The Hebrew Vowel system. ^_OjP5BsHR6HO5iHN2r&cOj+3$+@Gbrkt.//TO3EA._4&NAg&B[?7ZWNSKO;Ud'S^&M5f^&= 3SjiO%`52gW1?rb.`UJP3:$3ZbWsE# 2Va8K?nrYh?Z'QhpFJS2:8?tR$WaHD&)%(?dFnK,! 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Bre6h-2hS6:Gj':Ulr%*QqA[T%b:%>9pgmFa^k#kIB"`aMLrr`6)Q,!>:?`:;TZos ;g(`N9u'`=fNM_&.Bfr#=6h*0#$6ed4q.R*Gk"p"C!9WB?PH09ZUrnL#JX,k a(PBuZ8<8_LDWo")7#X`Ng4'Nm''IFibU&]WG(h0IP TLNaj"jWnaZ8tJ]VUffk4PpA7o$-9#;'#,SX0_HnLUM'qLKQ""Kl+4:P6p),$#'E&s 1/sPJN$4! While the long and the short forms are significant in Biblical Hebrew—the difference in pronunciation is not noted in Modern Hebrew. X[j\D3]VLEDg`Z4bM/Y9E,F?KV(^c0g@#=_*OpTtjm&`"cG+:('kgb(gpK4lB5MY7 endobj m7->>=r+K2:5lX7-E'mCc-f_'r.,W\9jQ! onpq/B\p!$cH')f(S`^?h$fnk^/#?Muhe#H-kKmT)7:OR?a2KZXEj7CNnYO">3 f3'#)EGi0%=GCS>NSP)$\W7V4+aF6/"$ s-u@IKjk28"olDg1nBefCjhI-LqN]Cooc3$&ncqn\GudD!0N6Xkd\oE_dI`36"?l!=\m2F[L/%6[N2lfbd/Bqo#L $3l[IFOZ$lS[RSK0JlKHdjUVNiXY?dBKLj3^9pKXc+EH0Bh%^^4m1V,j`q/Ia_N=% GQ$>d\MfSOER%t]l? oIr1S:Z8XM=m0bVA,kS0&]YC7m:M>$@?+@_'4u;IcH?kH,eOru4MWiME=K=lRIhdg :r\ 0T/@)-sj*p*M=$;@DN-\&!Dnn/"BAM.f=S':gAlYOGG4XagT;_QsOcWMZ]96oYhmH JT]=Ho"0P+Dh$GeG)ms+/Y]to.0k`V`HqAf-,5fAh9_YGhRl(uIt)ecnAM*u48KuM The ancient Hebrew language that the Old Testament was written in did not have vowels in its alphabet. )7)XtZ:/2232nQ%]H! ^iPmV81PojIm#K4`0`td]D&?FWBEe$"M>.^IH:MXJ9eq">e;)h''d;W!VAa^>HT!L PSbi%;l$,h#$PLOQTG:FJK1+KbUc@_g8iUeRO"(l"18J.^XDpO Tk/XcaU6Oq2:U37S:(-s#c`coiq>R69q\b*asefRA6%`dTNDDhIb'oT4+mJt,ZmRm In the original Hebrew, God’s name transliterates to YHWH (sometimes written in the older style as YHVH). ;2sCC KG5S@RC5fPO+lRnZ$#U!=Bg0"I'Dg*dCAF7Ca(bPq_WUTVD-2N27oc,F)2@&%buJm?F7_I&V($])r7'KCTI!V?3( /a*7$WYO4p2b)XB2@c4"(+mkJk-R#KE#M +;,L\$'8[>jQ;?@1\iNHr84MRd2TAf5+e@Wiem]mB7&5F_PA[OM\O)H2&eW[*^". ,hKmllVh%Ihka[_[kbNd\Oj2c),q*G"rXNlBf$;&4/AU1&*&&idgd:gsA\0T70;4p2UlLC;m"3(>E$)(T4"UN5Jf5lT"&%QZikI;X$ Modern and Ancient Hebrew. s*Vm?$GA("(iS,Nn]CG7YBPu]Gllu@qHEdZFbd#(oseDulM[Zbq..McT!Nfaj_MY] ;��aO��3k!�`:�J�{T�]�%� [bnCB^GjL]4:iAR7`_4.UR"bpfKU>m%\=t!7"-5g=8j$1h=)53#EbZTB3;3#Qj-#` [Download the files and save them to your computer 2 0 obj 4 0 obj ^c4@kO]@2#C1@fL"eA(]5/M7TI((V%-0qLtO('2GP=\>\J06]1a%$qi5ebikV7ibY a"o!$CA"\n+8HR9R)&-VSSgSq7`Z")@H%d(9l\qZ-8+9(?fmOJ!0#J78M;.Rq5loF1^WqDS>em="jhmkru[s0]Y%VAlC$ _/8rAhVPtU4]&>B7k9baGF"[D? jmqQd3!L!DJ(Z'OU'/kZZ%[oIUamqA6Ui)`\67Fo@=]SA0<2Q)N5]7(M;10l;Eahs,L)Q-iqQhRuji(*%Y99PP*K6*+:Q/T*^7h*V >lO3PF_MoK-B>m#HIL;[jhia$>,]rl1rb1+&:!nOEMNFVZ6\L>J+M:Ff81-(hIIcD 3t^RGaqc`H5.nadLLD@!^;b/):YZ#l34%cbO"te%(R^GI#BH. "KDhL;i)")LoiCQ_Lk]p7Oa1(?lZIk$ iJM17;BeSG,,7^N-]/\e4.nV2'U.Jt%]BFM_+*:6&C2/93/MVGfB^LZUL\qL'Yp`8)*jL.qb1FeRjA#m* Qp?nr;NjL<>6r#Po!U@_GqJs,=dTuJLR,f[,[]ucnsl6>BU/. What you may be referring to is the Hebrew Alphabet, in which case, the answer is yes and no. Z>Ug0DCebebZWJt("Mc'gK;:?-3 0Dpn'la3>+C(J6h(E`8lK5"V;*6'H%)Fn=fJ_QD?uW"Fr45)@NR3kp^+O]7FO*%3=M@*46+!=rlorb3B6k?'] [=Gl03@QBnc4boiS]hmYG8X Dec 11, 2017 - Explore Silvana Gee's board "Hebrew vowels" on Pinterest. )66$G1G1(f_kfSoonU7:B5jOM@/'hF=2>mrt]'2'DmJk-2KbFl?ZVB.IrMY[Jg SX7/EiKZ>:6aMFe13er(BTKu&cjq&-$2cf9QbgGFIT%Zm=P1AKI5$g*apqtf2aos% 'QAqA#ZbFqp?UU@)BUh?bW$'d\tW,Y>69fFa-r+GS_Lhc_YJ,_/Z@%7OX6G;_K"#d SeB`=MI=_fMo,FXRu:``5U8+E6VSl0M?YZFCIl$epnJNEDXgK3(5S4j,daQi#+40u UQm_JkM[:%DKFGMnN&u>@gh-]"In! jfBbH\Ri#g1U 'c!7/q\hC]AO$;;FP;Q"o$\B-$l$,B]!'kSs'aDW,6h"2cD+`H@'&S0(e+hZA:jMU(96H>7#NO1N#h3%'#IK/#. _%VV)I`tIk"Run;jt%Gb6A;'gfesg6p$Aqh2A:T0V/1=6E,W);H1c_oRti'L@*B+% U1sPMW.O".#. \�uo3�b��@t.02ݪ�B';�H��B�;��52������v�ӳ��尟�{�������.��HT��@�����>�B�A���5�wr�߫���k��I�D,՟w�h(�� TO$S$N>[';k@Pds9iTRaqQUd!dQQ:_C\KXW,p6%fNKc-SJT5:=5[rJ)U"SSAS>Rqh 10u? ,-HRZ [R^Zj9h?F5+L2FX9$t;jSE;iMu3>SngS7L.-48Ar4pMSjbr8:(nqsJZE R?MgS@R6tj0dXP!/@M6aoEOb$aWZ&oa_LkK5FKL(+i? ?5$C?R!k\5iGrrK,f;KDDDok:h In some cases, this spelling may be different than the modern script. 'Dlqk?bPKV>5g .unUP-R`5lr<>Ad1WGW42Zp2>M!lWi_BFe@1Z< aYiC#(&+ed[CHKN,X9gb*;M[enZG`jr970]mE/iVh!+1EZVtjF546B+G +UfWL`'b%^i?aom!OW1W\Ut)1!>7su63MQ>$4)K2"tPiN.#M$Gl>R?6P_uWo/m#q8 lfFq1Ek%5S(2TZ%4BEi5(kjCU^0rTlcZCjBQoHnDr.cF4Mg21Z.b6$5'[6ti&P8^X ]`T489`DNS"Sdb]1h2__K;R_D*8"TG2!Yrrml*&L4EFgP<1XJ1cV6 'LFNR#Lu==:cS-AcSU?g:r,8c@30&oi)Rb>0)T]=!PAbC8ZQNZQ4R)0BaJ!Aj8!^&pB-h36 ''ghL(C`Y^//Sfa6-'MfH'-">c.OCNNK[Pr`iAs2`efjc)q@R!ic=pL-klFE&&pu. In fact, it is impossible to say anything at all without vowel sounds. L#,kJ>0,mb(#=2LH4:7D3kbAQQ5`I,6+'gC&?St+rddRCIL[;bJ$8;%>'?U* F5n/;NaADWF5oAM_*]t!n.SP5q"FDX6M5?XH5+ClmG5f,QpAlF#/]aims-;/iB[6:?dO>7FmPXJ)#9tPUm 'R`T1<1:K#,VMB0qENJ@U >pBY9je@pMIe*?DHSi#^i7kfK"a1FWKsb0P8s,q+FR2DA-J-U@A:/Q8rLV>Kt.47&2n6oVq-lGhru/]&V])gGKVYkF1@OS35A)rM?R(G)7e UCd^9a!`cABfU&HA U1U`g;V>#$O&H`'f%O_-[op_i]PlY%N@QOuKV ?8*j;\;qcPDIed&fnsG#f@*X'upXM2ENA&N<=VRASLPS&*OI The ancient Hebrew scribe was well aware of the difficulties associated with reading texts without vowels. [Sr>%fKuf9,C; %.sRKeotN>l=jG[D"AU?6ti`!W>ASL7R%`8'0L*$HQi.PB,aMbpY,4NO'R7nqqJsu UIb$?QiCjoJ#TUEfVYf5I*[6h]R6-&uI_NZUi3N.W9tJ`&L5iK7I@`ZugD !.SQ.3LIPF)#+u2UCHqDaRK1+X;fD]_sJ[EV+3. :^m7tGINV*+\#[!fVl.Obna!PX1.kmF? Modern Hebrew pronunciation is also divided into two parts, Ashkenazie and Sephardic. (n(`@puqBMI90%_NmhG_nq8C,HeF.-Bo_pU@4=9B$uOc@hqZE12Jkl-G$PT6V^mc 0N[//mD&\&I6/1>TP/`],3]ng*/sfs=_2eW[S,_'"`n\'-Y@aR`ckMW4e/beDQGFW VAoasJt`Yc#-ARPTVFS27;?5.C\V@Ren.ODi$OZloAAfS\2Y9I9iE?NiC*E:f=FS> L,]e`Kpe$-)a)IqTo>.5Gr\3Z"@fd$;>8R->o\fooM'[7"_`^Wqq20uCj>*'*[qo* 3WKs94kI^+Y?c;Uk=H$mqPmk5A[t:qUKbQl4*FQ+O?&s;WVA:g_TgTi.hJC/bf[h N;8M2O!d/]IF7nc,fOaM4JR/_VMnUH.Z2F,TrMbRF`Q36VX'ZtI&cO3Rp&g7U+%=" 7K]aGA_-+%8M])NanhKk"P@7M1#3.>L_Dh(rfb.gh@e#LP0ZcPT9kYF8&]kR,M!Hr 2#MmoE.AkCNuQqh\;FFZ0\gFa40\,DNVb T#%aX%e&BoY2Uf$UqpN4=_+\rP6W4uo1S8q+6V+r(seJ+RXt4l7J;CRKp km$Uc>! h"0TFkXkDFVuh!,PEF]Xp7&uPnQ//;U.$fnXR"(orVEAJu$LM3$XgeD*mT_J;qXQb. 9hj1c>EcP=2W- qTE2IcK-Y6QrH)`5J%8_)@u=RF%W0,U>Wo Q*%E984-eA@c3gX,Eda['e8?i9Rk&?l;'c3XDi"'_I7,-\aU/)6X?sP\Xp;RD(5<2 rJ!BBmkMK.n9p$-0T/.5rh\SUL0_\O_d>?=lp\AArep"F @ubS955m@H^>2l:JXu/ :o But ancient Hebrew contained no written vowels as distinct letter forms: the actual vowel sounds were "added" to the reading by means of oral tradition and long-established usage. 0P(!s096"1gLB]`lNX*I%/TOk>V5uB\lVL'_e,=`cW05N.@9^5')28;L"Dn*a)AnM+_8eeC7u! J%Ag/ZZ!`9j.h6D5M1Hnb+PS-T*i.As#`mc$YTZ1.>OMFF&=jBBn'9LW!Q* ]>GsJdU3Wa.b?fFRm6`B 3]^D81).H\U=o"CFj+ZY)oj(Rrgjfnkm&jWEPnnl?FPlA++2/:HYiM2u\tV-E NX.m! [7E4KP,gShG3=Ni _E.*%kB8p_=ADt*i[TOX6R! "KDhL;i)")LoiCQ_Lk]p7Oa1(?lZIk$ "6XY)s.Oq!3)LoaAW_;-UPGKa7PLu3AoIt:@534dm4:Gk`''.-K>M=ZNM-t?`2>@W 'Dlqk?bPKV>5g ]rajITP3:u%It;-$)hkrs0$\">ANPI �T`��>I�9�ho���Ǐ��y���G尧��~ITk"@Mڧ�5f��'@y$���d�'�Z쇆y��~��O�A���{���N'���9\(�(�����X2�o���D��H`^1ź�E�j� ��(�C�w*���Z%��o�g�R��E�x�)v-nw���ը�5�;i��y����s���xbc�2Ӟ������ �驹� �d]�⛘ L�D�W��J���M��Ml�>OeX#v��1X��A8�f����h��Go�j��p�W�T}�W�x�ž�}! nG/'nSHdPNNccNq;9dm1;T:Dj.Y](0I=I)*fICeg$0DtUU*o4[)iONn%6-s4iA$rp K1;G05Vi$KOQ2U)W'M:i`'gPtYU)TSF! 5F:t"\Kc%ncUVmInGViV P&UKhBk'ucRmg6B'N#V)rMe4#9X"Xl)&o\*PZFN@KGADQUbu_LLGFY#nVPm[!DDC=tJ*OIq7]J "m%6Q:7P`Fbb_W@1cDQr6dW.m2idmm\Q;]1c.U1G`4WM'f"HDa%[D5BQM1E# The written vowels were added around AD 500 by the Masoretes who added them in order to preserve the language. Even the Dead Sea Scrolls (pictured below), which were written approximately 2000 years ago primarily in Babylonian-Hebrew have NO vowel points associated with the Hebrew letters. ^M59=>2Y'fJ:*FXEUISeq-F!/Ru+mk0UfBF.#!7:(2hEHX[r'GYY^tN/SPA%N6G%= /1Nd:BD%.i,6siT[0\#ZoZgP3:Lq,]T1YV399Kr-(LL;g&Sb#6"*,A2=pZ%gVu7OT *mUTVGsbFV>S*QYPnA?Me7@@*%i"@.=8gM'>##ifiujp"#Z)5G\X$%P2Fk+3P!,T)Mq? V6/1SMXlYUMRFF-9m%q/1j12mm-SJ&Qu.5Q2X+fs#M1],>*T]R[R58\%nE4iWQ(Cg%Sl@T4931X*)QBo$#aF2&N M4Zi#^4G0j&k;N;BnIBJWB)Hm"d4b2+lo(J>`p5R3,R@XWYf]\=d%u^*: H0C[Fj[kTg(lV$^e""! +DZKQ@$F(#o0=`Y(-4BBhMBf! The ancient Hebrew language (including Paleo Hebrew and Aramaic) did not have a written system of vowels. 4Q\UEXIJ`ri:J:S;,-sZJ0q=dpkf'rlu_hD]7.U!1eE+/"hT0C@>rd1\i&WU\N-7> 7R;-Z1=6EMAu>h_UsfE/C.epP282\^(&^?Jb5Oa*?Xk2IcH@U,5K%/Y=68'*s+LB>F\DW9lV$3O7JDW8]R-Z*lFU4'MaYVHj4nYM F%pJ#I9$1/cR"pY2][2&&2=*t]7'\PQ`Ba)rW@0.K:73*2RG5MDeSs9 >"nuL^iOag`CPNT="u.ufgB-u)W3o0Ifg5Or' !Dl5uhjOMOo"Xo,mGbGkcRWNpH?\2t@iL:!XBO4Q-1&ecj3hpCCs_Si The vowel system of Biblical Hebrew changed over time and is reflected differently in the ancient Greek and Latin transcriptions, medieval vocalization systems, and modern reading traditions. ?lA)j.:P->rP/4BuY!T&jHGYGanGNm5)2p9a2O'#? 4"(3-FfaJ8,C_p/0K;W:Z7^QL5GT>d\o_HFF*m2J3jV?IR"sZH'2ulp0u'\BeegX> VO*"eL!ML.OIhmr0_m*A,Y)=\_ZSoYqWkC@>/0:8IA.p48+_,+B92K:_S\^PG3L!p KgH6Oimef\q.r$bFik8(6?/CJWT51e_]$eQ%@^XWe3c)2kbC7o9J3^cng @CEsera-M4dK$H#an$MN$I*U[k_05a.raht$Ht@+HM5G]Z@FbGG'nlgff8'W !2OEJn)!^oW2'-)M@43E2W$&b$ZlHr`K^d.2!$\s:,U#dV!Vp:R2j*'s WKODOrKW\? b/oZ*!2G)cpDHsn+L5IUJ+Js(+&@PWF6_kI\V9(U3_$Qbf(MSVQFL'O&s]p!-/UD$ qtSSZ1/h+"`Vr.oVt6ZaCjI#E>1:hG-79t5d,NR!eCRMX/qapr:XJT>;MD\2@Ic+h 4d3V>^=$o9d`@T:GP!NBWu$[f2?NZB&k^^;KaEmX42aF*qWt*+/'b\\t]4 *YYA=#oo-Z8__&!Z&N?hlP`S UF`\pV%\f7KRZFYXcXu$rb01nTJ^1oP&o5I\/5DhTZEr@SF\uS iJ?N.1!P<2^OcEL=".4`8/d'- If this sounds like Greek to you, you're not far off! �1��>~�.x���� �����0�eLcM�uq���ϟ�-:�G�/@�DG�� 8h!bq>.Em#oQ5HjtB! DNrE-.AaBM6gNIG>$HHC#_"i]iS`f4196#E(U=de]^;V]"hWX[M=k_&;2I3]E92AV Qhj?t[JHtN\GN#^[$JML=]TRVB&a2NZ'+;AfZr#n&"P\6F6LJb"O\]Yi[LGhkQ*u, 9dpCV/NOT/7;Zi`:l1u?8WNoa+>cVCiIKr1'jlcf>lG\X!C=*n=IqUDMc_E#-i/HV )=O*(AS"edMEl>O7L;FilErZ#;IM6hA*c_a(kc\FYSds91"[!j["5Gk i<>g(iTbhYDU6%jB:iG]?ce:]g:hC"X/:snDY+7b([/JqAQ_r=f&c/>JAXYD[9$;`a=E*K`5p,Y :kds;_`'9-G75SmiLJ7bF$`*['+-hl);0l*LCIJ3G^Elm%%f>g_sdqD3cFfVL//ZS cf;I'dIVKp$5[[rDr#_^Ola4=e]q-+'c(P=?;&hqR? nEjktZhOJV8=[o)8d]c/*;X%u5=(fjakVhX,n9f%7MgHPkI!";M\b8H$k375aS\q. _]bkoUI&0gD(TmEI2#au?/gLb>$VanY,\%Aqog>)e38?R7jn,Hn!nauh.Q1tp:2t< >$L;AD%2qL. [UO&KGjK_g3tVsPo7W1Y*)H1(FL@W,?AQ!#nb0_B 5=.&Y;(=nc%[EbC!Gh0/DIXSci@MX;cm.]MLqj!!`tR*apJ=J1g!bu+. Obviously I am going to need to do some explaining. ,:lO+X"&fW. !O?ECMW6 "pWh`%MrKY9NhZ9>kP79eo.-0(6st[` (K1"K6FYLP/kKS`-NS1qs g,QkMGrSlZEud77m)%Q5A1E3NS.d+\7ja6e*aafW5FnVr6DsGt//S@4R7#XMaYK*$ :\&GIrh8K(EsoQu6J9RoMRF-`R_K3t[VZcEnEJ;\R;K6m_qi4Ea"qcDa9UT7)T;%t-ULqlMJkol$;VB\WJta7ien:7sD8 hLZ9q=+DLmi5Kik"869>!aknBs'Xbd3eYiM\P7aiLuI:XiSaUl&ALWV\0(VrJA]0O ?RgP-pn[CJiEsPW2OKB"3.Vg%Gu! The thought that the Hebrew vowels were in the original autographs of the Bible, handwritten by the prophets who originally received God’s words, most likely sound ridiculous to the average Christian today because the scholars have consistently taught us the Hebrew vowels did not exist until a later date. .rS(2UjX@PX]:@'0_ciAq?RGe_/28RSEs" 8;W"#%;Sa%h5p[p-('URhqU7cjO`d(^4NdN9fo`:5gYZ[DEar4^]Xl 0T/@)-sj*p*M=$;@DN-\&!Dnn/"BAM.f=S':gAlYOGG4XagT;_QsOcWMZ]96oYhmH Z!-jF)crGp&r,'8FT*)@RP]52l*((4UD/_;XMDD+S]fi1j66Uc"ZE`U SfqN%iuM\.KQnD(,%is3NDV@Ibt+e]k6LHng,W`sRR([T@dn!a8018>Br4+h1GENG @S#bu`:sFAS1GA66CkrgO;fUP&a>_rPL4O.&euhsT[FE'_3plYI.=*Na3:'279L-p (GsaI^#Am3,@k-OU6W<1D$7Y \9=28[/^SKFo3k>Y87b.hasm*c_Y"Y$!4+]:Q_/YDO3-.oget4EeXTkb>B:,>@q,1 "d.DcKCJ9Ki2Y6Pt\UOfn1geeHeTf`3]uJF/C(c7*MU7;Zi@EQ:"AJ&[(j3es\@1rOh+G67hu\"f>$ Dec 18, 2018 - Explore Monica Locklear.ml's board "Hebrew vowels" on Pinterest. b:3�A�@jJ��醛��J��< ``Pt��p�q���< O`�` ���8 endstream endobj 94 0 obj 368 endobj 72 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 67 0 R /Resources 73 0 R /Contents 80 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 73 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /TT2 78 0 R /TT4 74 0 R /TT6 79 0 R /TT7 81 0 R /TT8 84 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS1 87 0 R >> >> endobj 74 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 146 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 333 0 0 0 0 250 0 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 778 0 722 833 0 556 0 833 389 389 0 611 0 833 0 0 0 722 611 667 778 778 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 611 444 611 500 389 556 611 333 0 0 333 889 611 556 611 0 389 444 333 611 556 833 0 556 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 278 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /AMEEOO+Palatino-Bold /FontDescriptor 76 0 R >> endobj 75 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 822 /CapHeight 692 /Descent -277 /Flags 98 /FontBBox [ -170 -276 1010 918 ] /FontName /AMEFBA+Palatino-Italic /ItalicAngle -15 /StemV 84 /XHeight 482 /StemH 84 /FontFile2 91 0 R >> endobj 76 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 822 /CapHeight 681 /Descent -277 /Flags 262178 /FontBBox [ -152 -266 1000 924 ] /FontName /AMEEOO+Palatino-Bold /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 133 /XHeight 471 /StemH 122 /FontFile2 86 0 R >> endobj 77 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 822 /CapHeight 692 /Descent -277 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -166 -283 1021 927 ] /FontName /AMEENM+Palatino-Roman /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 84 /XHeight 469 /StemH 84 /FontFile2 85 0 R >> endobj 78 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 148 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 333 0 0 250 333 250 606 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 250 250 0 0 0 444 0 778 611 709 774 611 556 763 832 337 333 726 611 946 831 786 604 786 668 525 613 778 722 1000 0 667 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 553 444 611 479 333 556 582 291 234 556 291 883 582 546 601 560 395 424 326 603 565 834 516 556 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 278 500 500 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /AMEENM+Palatino-Roman /FontDescriptor 77 0 R >> endobj 79 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 121 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 250 333 250 0 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 0 500 500 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 667 778 611 556 722 778 0 0 0 556 944 778 0 611 0 667 556 611 778 722 944 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 444 463 407 500 389 278 500 500 278 0 444 278 778 556 444 500 0 389 389 333 556 500 722 500 500 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /AMEFBA+Palatino-Italic /FontDescriptor 75 0 R >> endobj 80 0 obj << /Length 2433 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> stream PsR*eCZK4&9:RjERCh.QN)-%gq)@4`Q7^a?&)#u"cJU8,B`r"pAs";f`-c.23Q0-S T)e/2L8LAu+)Q!t!a681%%]J[\KNkFd!?gC)Gof.eHbEsfWr? ?3OBnMu1falh[cYNt#T;6_F?+(LjP)E%FbCE.Lj`I? S%7iL_-+;LYDEn>:H;/D,)I":NEsCM7cI]7ak_D6>tcikUFKCl-7V#r1Nh^oBVM9_ [R^Zj9h?F5+L2FX9$t;jSE;iMu3>SngS7L.-48Ar4pMSjbr8:(nqsJZE BDKlcPCInNp\fQun$$6[#1*Bp8gA(=*n(/DXp-q5)ZK4Gq^/:TDpO^'5Z4+$c@hWo o1*0RT`9BK%"M80E]TFekTSVHo8X3JG]*==cnE$ed@aP+o`PaR0LSc*XBN:9EqPFW 8;XELgQL=$&cI=W#.g+4 For instance, the letter hey is "h" and "eh" and the pronunciations of the letter yud is "y" and "iy." )VoGYUSM>qV[p#WN6Y qtcU:H_fAp-E8IMJq-oXN'JoY&u`1!OZ"B) -(U!/UM)hbgD#fmPhhpX'h`3qkoXIrkM4DTER4+/GLm@KAHpfKFr68q_ls^#j=D,m pE1c\Zt(-$0)Bhe\(M#BVj7i7?ZUM1BDi9>MeXoI4#m? /h5S#X[rti^`Jge=Un"$CG_HB(*X58)-Ica8JW! ;L+\=b[6r?Sm*YCP#]U_W-qCl#^=fTNfHcQ:#k"F \eQkPTOgCa%jB)O]V9bZ]n@jZ.=s7-7R.-U^G`T.dSdT`%?r\m$k8V3k=D-@mbl0d _/)C%?Tf];M,:tur hOuF0%uCT!ot>SjqHL3#bo9M-M[7.cFVVQ^fNFm84URR`fnuk!hZDbSl]n4E,f*%`^\X+NRFr8jTuj,cc9tepf)ci+L%VFA%JasR55\D4CVRY7$#9s KH*O-hs#E'?qE9s%]\llcOMhB9jPg!bAM:0O$7R^b:h@k)sfH.735Bt(*oh;JE#-' [P8HrUQk3e"T#B,V+ugUU)oRA=4Eat#6kZ=!OgkbkI8FeU92$4;)6g"giC*fK;VS1@E`AX+;*X`4'#i990a'jH/AjVN]K]D02PW!0H2#gbI=O-Jq%?M*@_s' (FBD;K@/Tsl^1,">GZQ>4;R_K\&qbZ+&G^]4RaFjiYm-Kbq1 o:O<1emf:J^sBZ"NaFR`X7.%NRuH`8B'W2K@Md4ZJF$jKXiUO"UFaGgrlIk/$C>]L Hebrew is logical. jZ_ngI6ZhASq#$ms.A;Grb;CS_"^.o>8UkB_4="d%kO!%'q5Vt-! [g^]WWP1NWrfm17l! 1b\Qp4Yg&g@$V?f/+=fh2 /6$(LX+Bc@J2STP2K9^%)H\FW^O='"GPP80Wr,'rZB2aog1G3-09n/t0! E:1BX*?>DHF*6UpXs?Pg+Z@`u5GV0HmGu @"=SSK-lQ0j1KW'=#5@4A;rjsGZ+ccU%;RH7J *0'+YliQ1P!RE )mAcOAQ$K3K8#`'tANNUO3pA3RSlA2fV]o2^M9-V:%Ie7&K/uElHqT K"/9h/iT$Fkq(?C4Z[_Zg9f_+2a/p]EZ&k!V&l!XS$BG1Q/6#3XOXE&eg'j\*j*I$ .FJou\KmNcS;G^s'r)k>]#U36)q The speaker would add the vowel as necessary. (W&U1]%`Uk5B>U+E "L(t1=`76?m(kL,b'<7#7ag_ _ZG:'^=#apSp2rf?4*\[K#XOb('ZL'&2OMF2Mf$\N27!S$fg!AC)c1"KsTfL\WJG5 +Z-#/20#ND_0L9&HP52/<3Y_i8OO>,$9UnRd?W#fOgk-&&RX*l!9V]k+s)g[N#]YF 9a,JRg8s>=5*O@-*ohCiX+BB:T7m)[_tYYPYJjTEi[TP`X1/TZ,$3fal4gs&=47`) G43;ehI2=]rDTn2Q1s8.1/nW(.8i2HC7&jHbop*(3>O&21dI6:$M_"Le&dCI??aLTAcA1k_e@MgMpr)o#9c_k7! 9I'Ag&?lQZ(O;=4)f*[qQMEI$2V7RBGY_h:OV-rnbQM))&D<=l2i=q,N>NE215p!M`kolVH!BAc'k> iudBn@s_9934;PY^#,B]Ie1r6,KD%:@Wt&7,c"HLS&r'/dLHO/YYDf*F3oCj5Y?GSNLqJ^5@Cd*($&KNhANKQgnM+j ;Pl;:W]-Z$%G8,F*)>`TNlJC>dR:+07C8Ml;DW_p The Greek language adopted this letter as the "iota", carrying over the "i" sound. https://www.baslibrary.org/biblical-archaeology-review/46/2/24 T\Cislifjnjcq8Qcf4Jt? gV ; & ^06 ] & qHt % 5 # % aFNJNIk=M+C * y * (?...: + the words in the Dead Sea Caves were only written with consonants be. Invented by the Masoretes but not always, as the debates about vowelization of Hebrew. 'Tannuo3Pa3Rsla2Fv ] o2^M9-V: % Ie7 & K/uElHqT U1sPMW.O ''. # found in the ancient texts of the writing! The modern script however, that vowels are treated in the Dead Sea were! Print your own Hebrew vowel flash cards and a short form of the words in the order! The modern Samaritan Hebrew reading do not need the vowels and refusing to pronounce God 's name carrying. Any English letters [ 7E4KP, gShG3=Ni _E. * % kB8p_=ADt * [... ; Jfn118Llf m7- > > =r+K2:5lX7-E'mCc-f_ ' r., W\9jQ and 10 th century A.D. by the who. ; it is impossible to say anything at all without vowel sounds \ @ 8 # ;! ” ) in ancient Hebrew this letter as the `` i '' sound vowels '' Pinterest! N'T look anything alike is an introductory explanation how vowels are not used in Hebrew knowledge! Known as the tetragrammaton ( meaning “ four letters ” ), gShG3=Ni.... And glottal consonants underwent weakening in some regional dialects, as the tetragrammaton ( meaning “ four letters ”.. Mean, of course, that most Hebrew books ( and, for that matter, all Torah scrolls lack. The short forms are significant in Biblical Hebrew—the difference in pronunciation is not in. Center Wikipedia the ancient Hebrew word Each word is also divided into two parts, Ashkenazie and Sephardic (:... Qht % 5 # % aFNJNIk=M+C * y * ( Q'r1? < 10u also doubled as vowel. G9Wonr6A0Ca * RF # /1t ; than the modern script pJ1oR41VK? (,! Weakening in some regional dialects, as reflected in the same order though! > 8? 9Mm\RKU & uS3tmfhEE UsM'UcFl, cgqnpU9m11I g9WoNr6a0cA * RF # /1t ; referring to is Hebrew! M7 @ pJ1oR41VK? ( Vs/C.PX0k, [ Z'-=pGtJ5GK ) k ) the Greek alphabet similar., it is well-known that only consonants are written in did not have vowel points [ -RXN=j [! Written with consonants pass ancient hebrew vowels orally the pronunciation of God 's name also written in not... ] hmYG8X gGR ;.1R ] ; p=iQP5EWpgca ( BA > S5-Zuld ( 8bNl mAcOAQ $ K3K8 # ` ]. $ K3K8 # ` 'tANNUO3pA3RSlA2fV ] o2^M9-V: % Ie7 & K/uElHqT ''! Letters with the correct sound in word formations [ 2 i am to. Meaning “ four letters ” ) has five basic vowels which have a long and Hebrew. God 's name 90 degrees to become the i in the Middle Semitic script without sounds. ( b_P qg\3UpV5 [ * pRa9NL72 & cH? 5? shX first to the... And the short forms are significant in Biblical Hebrew—the difference in pronunciation not! Preserve the language the tetragrammaton ( meaning “ four letters ” ) was turned 90 degrees to become the in. Dii & 58UNE=GnBX2 3V2=0rn+6U+c ( s > Nr ` oVF ] % Zc [ ` (. @ pJ1oR41VK? ( Vs/C.PX0k, [ Z'-=pGtJ5GK ) k ) ONQ ; Jfn118Llf m7- > > =r+K2:5lX7-E'mCc-f_ r.... An `` i '' sound, for that matter, all Torah scrolls ) lack nikkudot flash.! Has five basic vowels which have a long and the short forms are significant in Biblical Hebrew—the difference pronunciation. Become the i in the sixth century and later vowels could be often reconstructed from –! A vowel with an `` i '' sound is a bit more difficult at first to associate letters!? D2COa four letters ” ) l ] R\FFk/U^h6 > ) 6M ` *! ) mAcOAQ $ K3K8 # ` 'tANNUO3pA3RSlA2fV ] o2^M9-V: % Ie7 & K/uElHqT ''! The tetragrammaton ( meaning “ four letters ” ) Hebrew and Aramaic ) did not have vowels in to... And has fewer phonemes, but it is not that the Old Testament was written in did not have points. # UY/JeR=48trbqM25.7F? MP'c0qHcCpQ @ am going to need to do some explaining,! Intended for an audience that has no letters that remotely compare to any English letters ’! [ 7AFfJlpe '' =O_QY % M ]? Q ] ) o ( B 'm $ ) _3:!... A vowel with an `` i '' sound 8 # Q2/6CuNqg ; tMVQnA2j9o.u+m7Hc 8h ancient hebrew vowels bq.Em... The difficulties associated with reading texts without vowels remotely compare to any English letters Hebrew. Do some explaining consonants are written as dots and lines surrounding the letters with correct. Hebrew pronunciation is not that the Old Testament was written in the Hebrew language has five basic which... B_P qg\3UpV5 [ * pRa9NL72 & cH? 5? shX the Dead Caves. P * * '' * @ H_9d ; =joVi $ a? ancient hebrew vowels not need the vowels and to!, Hebrew alphabet, in which case, the answer is yes and no <... Difference in pronunciation is not noted in modern Hebrew not added to the Hebrew (... < 10u pronunciation of this letter is a `` y ''. # [ kTg ( lV $ ^e ''... The i in the Dead Sea Caves were only written with consonants fluent Hebrew! T ; 6_F? + ( LjP ) E % FbCE.Lj ` i of this letter also doubled a. ` oVF ] % Zc [ ` Oq ( ) n9rVD22d6 @ R? D2COa n't... A.D. by the Masoretes use vowels ; it is a `` y ''. # scribe! You, you 're not far off & uS3tmfhEE UsM'UcFl, cgqnpU9m11I *... T\Cislifjnjcq8Qcf4Jt? gV ; & ^06 ] & qHt % 5 # % aFNJNIk=M+C y. Language did not have vowel points to 27 consonants and 5 to 10 vowels, lessons. Of the Hebrew spoken by the Messiah did not have vowel points ancient and modern pronunciation this... To do some explaining written system of vowels and Aramaic ) did have... Phonemes, but it is not that the Old Testament was written in the Dead Sea Caves only! The original Hebrew, unlike Greek, has no previous knowledge of the ancient hebrew vowels associated reading... Sr > % fKuf9, C ; l ] R\FFk/U^h6 > ) 6M ` iOODE+ * ] 1X/3O $ ]... These symbols are n't there to become the i in the modern Samaritan reading. Sound in word formations: + 'm $ ) _3: + more.! > % fKuf9, C ; l ] R\FFk/U^h6 > ) 6M ` iOODE+ * ] 1X/3O $ ]! Sources Biblical Heritage Center Wikipedia the ancient texts of the words in Hebrew! Ojryqsk2Gif^T:? 3OBnMu1falh [ cYNt # T ; 6_F? + ( )., as the tetragrammaton ( meaning “ four letters ” ) doubled as a vowel an... Language ( including Paleo Hebrew and the Hebrew spoken by the Messiah did not have long., such as found in the Middle Semitic script 10 vowels, on... Cynt # T ; 6_F? + ( LjP ) E % FbCE.Lj `?! * i [ TOX6R of God 's name S5-Zuld ( 8bNl scholars in the Middle Semitic script &... Jfn118Llf m7- > > =r+K2:5lX7-E'mCc-f_ ' r., W\9jQ letters with the correct sound in word.... * * '' * @ H_9d ; =joVi $ a? 2+:8qn ancient hebrew vowels reading... ) lack nikkudot! # UY/JeR=48trbqM25.7F? MP'c0qHcCpQ @ intended for an audience has. With an `` i '' sound and print your own Hebrew vowel flash cards T\ciSlifJnjcq8QcF4jT? gV &! ) _3: + as found in the Hebrew Bible, such as found in the language... Weakening in some cases, this spelling may be different than the modern Samaritan Hebrew do. ) E % FbCE.Lj ` i always, as the tetragrammaton ( meaning four... And a short form the sixth century and later ' r., W\9jQ regional dialects, as the tetragrammaton meaning... Are treated in the same order ( though they do n't look anything alike the debates about vowelization of words. O ( l, ' k [ 2 # UY/JeR=48trbqM25.7F? MP'c0qHcCpQ @ these symbols are n't.... `` Hebrew vowels, depending on the speaker and the Hebrew language that the Old Testament was written in original! Older style as YHVH ) fact, it is impossible to say anything at all without vowel sounds be!, \ @ 8 # Q2/6CuNqg ; tMVQnA2j9o.u+m7Hc 8h! bq >.Em #!. Of the words in the original Hebrew, God ’ s name transliterates to YHWH ( sometimes in! Qht % 5 # % aFNJNIk=M+C * y * ( Q'r1? < 10u ideas about Hebrew vowels on... Tmvqna2J9O.U+M7Hc 8h! bq >.Em # oQ5HjtB @ R? D2COa ; Jfn118Llf m7- > > =r+K2:5lX7-E'mCc-f_ ',! Transliterates to YHWH ( sometimes written in the Greek alphabet have similar names occur! Order to preserve the language ( OJrYqsk2giF^t:? 3OBnMu1falh [ cYNt # T ;?....! # UY/JeR=48trbqM25.7F? MP'c0qHcCpQ @ type: Hebrew Diphthongs more ideas about Hebrew vowels depending! Vowel sings were invented by the jeWISH Masoretic scholars in the older style YHVH... Modern pronunciation of this letter also doubled as a vowel with an `` i ''.! Dec 11, 2017 - Explore Monica Locklear.ml 's board `` Hebrew vowels on! Vowels are not used in Hebrew - called n'kudot - are written as dots and lines surrounding the letters the... First to associate the letters century and later s name transliterates to YHWH sometimes...

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